Bobby died. His wife contacted me yesterday to tell me that he passed away on Saturday. “Covid, Di,” she cried. “My son and I had begged him to get vaccinated.”

It’s unbelievable that a person as substantial as Bobby is gone from this world. He was a man of character and convictions, and like all of us, a few contradictions. Bobby was Mark’s longstanding caregiver and friend, and for the time he was with us, he knew our lives more intimately than almost anyone. He cared for Mark like he was a brother. He visited Mark in the middle of the night in hospitals, held onto him as he wobbled down hallways, coached him to eat and exercise, encouraged him to strengthen his relationships with his kids. More than once, Bobby was with me when Mark almost didn’t make it. Bobby was unfailingly patient and kind to Mark. He taught me a lot about parts of life I didn’t know anything about.

“Bobby brought Mark to life,” Alma reminded me on the phone yesterday. They’re right. Bobby was the consummate storyteller, and he didn’t mind that Mark did not always add much to the conversation. He’d get on a roll and keep rolling. The Steelers, his family, crazy stories from when he used, and many, many stories of sobriety, weight-lifting, and recovery. He loved to make us laugh. After Mark’s craniectomy, he asked if Mark’s head would always look like that. Yes, I said. “Well,” he said, “I guess he can start wearing hats.” He was the definition of that old term, a “man’s man,” yet he also was more able to navigate, talk about, and nuture a man’s feelings than any other man I’ve ever met.

I’ve been thinking about how years ago, when I was raising young kids, my parents would give us an envelope at Christmas each year. Inside was an index card decorated in sparkly marker surrounding the words: “The Gift of Time.” The card would have a few ideas of what that could be, and it was both specific and open. The message was consistent every year: We will show up for you. We will help you. We will love you through the best thing we have to give: ourselves.

Bobby gave our family the gift of time in exactly that way. He gave all that he had to give. And right now, all we can wish for is that we could return that gift to Bobby, too.

Bobby’s death follows a similar story we’ve heard on the news over and over during the pandemic. He thought some of the stories he heard mongering fear about the vaccine and suspicious origins of the virus could be true. He had gotten this far in life on sheer willpower, stubbornness, and faith. He was sure that if life had not gotten him yet, Covid sure as hell couldn’t. Knowing Bobby, I can understand how he came to think this. Knowing Bobby, I wish he hadn’t.

Covid took a very good man from this world, one who was always doing his very best. RIP Bobby. We love you and miss you. I’m sure heaven is a lot more fun today with you up there.

Coping and Carrying

“Dad said it wouldn’t matter if Matthew died,” Michael told me a few weeks ago. “In front of Matthew?!” I asked. “Yes,” he said.

I had been talking to Michael about damage to the frontal lobe and hard truths of life with Mark. We were discussing some not-great things Mark has said recently. To whit and per the speech therapist’s recommendation, I had been quizzing Mark about his progress with the Alex Trebek autobiography. “I was reading about contestants Alex met on Jeopardy who he felt were significant,” Mark said. “If you were writing your autobiography, what significant people would you include?” I asked. Mark named some people from work. “What about friends or family?” I tried. He couldn’t think of any. “What about any of your wives? Like me?” I joked, probing for which parts of Mark were alert in there. The one that would understand the humor? The one who could volley that one back?

“Time will tell,” he replied.

I thought that was a good response.

Mark is three months out from the big May surgery. When people ask me how he’s doing, sometimes I’ll say “stable terrible,” but mostly I say “stable.” Which is how I perceive it. But also, the above story is included in what stable looks like here. It can’t actually be described as good. Apathy is difficult to cope with, and empathy is critical to live with. Walking would be nice, too. And obviously, no measure of intelligence and maturity in the boys can fix what must break inside them when Mark fails to care about their feelings. Or in Michael’s example, even their life.

We have three more months to wait before the surgeons officially determine if the surgery worked, from a purely technical standpoint. So stable means that, too. The life or death question is unanswered. We don’t know if Mark will continue to heal, or whether things will fall apart again.

Not one to adhere to the stay-off-Google mentality, I continue my quest to understand. Mark’s brain damage is in the locale that created the famous case of Phineas Gage, whose railroad rod-through-the-head accident in the mid 19th century taught neuroscience about the heavy lifting of the frontal lobe. In Phineas’s case, it changed him from a nice, hardworking guy with whom you could happily talk, to a rough dude you’d rather avoid. The frontal lobe is “…vital to the sense of self and others … necessary for healthy interpersonal relationships and decision making …” In other words, the crux of what makes you you.

Mark’s social-emotional-cognitive self needs intervention (speech and occupational therapy, and active engagement with people and the world around him), with the first six months post-surgery the most critical for making improvements. This has been true every time he’s had a medical procedure to his head, but the frequent trips to the OR mean that we haven’t been able to settle into a place of understanding who Mark will be after all this. And to be more conservative, it could take a full year for his brain to find its landing strip, assuming the medical plane does not take off again and reset the clock. In the meantime, I try not to put too much weight on any individual thing Mark says, or how he behaves one day to the next. Here’s how it’s trending right now: Mark’s increasingly removed, living inside his head. His world, small for quite a long time now, seems even smaller. Functional goals the speech therapist and I came up with, alongside Mark, include helping the family keep on schedule and feeding/watering the dogs. Watching the clock is easy for him to do, because he is excellent at perseverating on time. “I’m going to refill the hummingbird feeder in five minutes,” I say. “Keep me honest.” He dutifully gives me updates. “Three minutes to go…two minutes…one minute…” As a bonus, when I return he tells me how long I took to complete the task (four minutes).

He keeps forgetting to feed and water the dogs. And I keep forgetting to remind him.

It’s difficult to find tasks to help Mark feel purposeful in the household. Paying the bills is out, for example. The other day, Mark told me he wants to grow his hair long. How long? “Until I might trip on it.” “How long would that take?” I asked, proving that a teacher can never resist the teachable moment. He shrugged. I persisted. “Hair grows roughly a 1/2 inch per month. You are six feet tall. How long would it take?” “A year and a half,” he said. I tried again. “So, if it grows 1/2 inch a month, it can grow 6 inches in a year. You are six feet tall.”

Mark: “A half year.”

Me: “Are you joking?”

Mark: “I don’t do math anymore.”

When I relay stories like this, inevitably some people insist he must be joking. There’s no way, in their minds, that he can’t be. And sometimes I am not sure, either. In this case, Mark was not joking. His brain was not up to the task. If I asked again the next day, maybe he would be. Maybe not. Sometimes the electrochemical pathways inside his head work, and sometimes they do not.

Mark’s perseveration is on a serious uptick. He obsessively watches the bird feeders. From his position on the couch, he leans forward and looks left to watch the hummingbird feeder out front, sits back for a moment, and then leans forward again and looks right to watch the hummingbird and thistle feeders out back. “Hummingbird,” he exclaims to the room, staring intently at the feeder. Last night at dinner, he kept tally of the day’s hummingbirds as Ben and I talked about mask mandates for college.”27,” he stated. 28…29. Ben and I periodically stopped and affirmed we were listening to his count. Mark passes huge chunks of his day observing the birds, contentedly. At least he’s not Phineas Gage, screaming obscenities at people.

Is his perseveration new-permanent? New-tranistory?

Time will tell.

Stable, adj. (Merriam-Webster): Not changing or fluctuating.

Stable, adj. (The Free Dictionary): Resistant to change of position or condition; not easily moved or disturbed.

Stable, adj. (OED): Fixed or steady; not likely to move, change or fail.

Hmm.. maybe I’m using the wrong adjective.

Predictable? Manageable? A few days ago, I thought Mark’s forehead looked kind of swollen. I grabbed my phone to document it, in case I need a photo for comparison down the road. Did it hurt, I asked. Mark touched his forehead. “How does it feel?” I asked. “Deformed,” he said. I gently felt the mound of quad muscle under his skin, tracing to where it dips down into his temple. Mark ramped up. “I’M NOT GOING TO THE ER! I AM NOT GOING TO THE ER TONIGHT!” I took it as a sign that he might need to go to the ER. I scrolled through my phone looking for a recent photo for comparison. He’s had his head wrapped for long enough that I couldn’t find a clear, straight shot of his forehead. I looked at the photo I had just taken again. Past the mask of belligerence, I thought his skin looked nice and healthy. I decided we could watch and wait. “It’s okay, Mark, I’m not taking you to the ER,” I repeated, until he finally accepted my words as truth.

I like Mark’s wheelchair. I like Mark in the wheelchair. It’s like when your 10 month old baby starts walking and you look at that vulnerable, lurching body with its big soft head and think, well that’s a dumb design. And then you rush to baby-proof the house because what’s in that head is not ready to control that squishy baby body. Mark is safer in the wheelchair. But of course we continue to work towards his return to the walking living. With physical therapy, his quad-that’s-now-a-tricep is getting stronger, but he is still not able to walk safely, unassisted.

And actually, he had been making progress until it all went in a the wrong direction on Wednesday. After a mid-day nap, he swung his legs over the edge of the bed, stood up on top of his shoes, and with a yell fell right over.

As usual, I was right there but couldn’t move fast enough to stop it.

The next morning, Mark couldn’t put any weight on that foot — the foot of his already compromised leg. If the knee being unsafe on a good day is Strike One for safety, the foot injury is Strike Two. He tried to fit his prosthetic that protects his knee from buckling over his ankle, and it won’t fit. Strike Three. Confined to the wheelchair it is, for now.

Mark scooted down the front steps. I loaded the wheelchair into the car, and we headed for speech therapy. After speech, he put up a respectable fight about going to Med Express for an X-ray, but finally caved when I told him the PT wanted it checked for a break. Which I made up, but seemed like something that could transpire. Fortunately, it is just a bad sprain.

Yesterday while the caregiver watched Mark, I pounded my energy into the park on a seven mile hike. As usual, I carried as little as possible. No water, no snack. No field guides or binoculars, even though I spend most of my hikes trying to identify plants and spot birds. The plants stretched toward the sky, and I looked up into the faces of green-headed coneflowers. Stinging nettles bit at my shins while the Sweet William brushed my shoulders. Shiny turtles slide silently into the creek at my passing, and a great egret hunted next to mallards in the wetlands. I picked up a lime-green walnut from the trail, rubbed it in my palm, and took in its citrusy scent. The smell takes me back to my childhood, to the walnut tree in front of the white barn anchoring the apartment complex near my house, my friend Dorothy and I playing in our childhood. A sweetness and sadness reached like late-day sunbeams straight into my heart, right into my belly. There was a twist and a flip. I slipped the walnut into my pocket to accompany me on my journey.

“It seems like all of life is about coping and carrying,” I said to Alma when they were home with Adam last week. We were talking about forks in the road, the choices that we make that carve a new path. Some of them may cause pain in the future, and hopefully we have the skills to cope and the strength to carry that pain. Life chisels away at us, and we work to find the beauty within what remains.

When I got home, I took the walnut out of my pocket and placed it on the kitchen windowsill. I said goodbye to the caregiver, and I asked Ben to watch his dad for five minutes so I could take a shower. Mark was looking out the window at the birds. He would surely be no trouble.

Life, Managed

“It seems like it’s been quieter for the past few weeks,” my friend Sam said over lunch last week. It’s actually been very loud, at least in my head. It’s a lot to sort out, to create a narrative. So bear with me while I download 10,000 thoughts in one post, without much aplomb.

Disease Management

“It’s amazing how much of medicine takes the scorched earth policy,” I said to Mark a week ago. “Radiation, chemo, antibiotics…” “True,” he replied. Mark has started on a scorched-earth antibiotic regime. Lab work answered the burning question of why he has chronic diarrhea. C. diff, or Clostridioides difficile, is a bacteria that loves to live in your gut while you would love for it not to live there. While our bodies are home to a complex, robust and friendly microbiome working in partnership with our cells to keeps us alive and functioning, C. diff is an unwelcomed foe. It’s simply trying to survive and reproduce, like all living things, except in this case its effort to extract resources includes producing toxins that kill cells in your intestinal lining.

It’s an ugly story, people. C. diff is a fecal spreader that loves hospital and nursing home environments (there’s a reason your doctors mechanically wash their hands before touching you), meaning Mark must have picked it up in the hospital from a poor handwasher. C. diff, that clever little bugger, is resistant to hand-sanitizer so soap and water is the key. Mark, being cognitively not at his best, isn’t in a great position to remember that anything he touches, if he’s not washed his hands like a surgeon getting ready to operate, could leave some C. diff on surfaces. It’s a little like managing a household pandemic. The hand towels in the kitchen and bathroom are gone, replaced with paper towels. I’m cleaning the surfaces Mark touches with a bleach solution throughout the day. The boys have been warned in graphic detail about how C. diff spreads, and what they can enjoy experiencing if they don’t take it seriously.

You know how I like to find the good news in things, because it keeps me from curling up in the fetal position and giving up? For this one, it actually wasn’t difficult. While C. diff can be deadly, I’m not too worried about that, because Mark’s had chronic diarrhea since April. The chronic diarrhea is surely a contributor to Mark maintaining at a svelte 131 lbs. So while this diagnosis is not awesome (C. diff has a reputation for a reason), if Mark can clear this infection then it could lead to him gaining back more strength.

Now eight weeks post-surgery, the incisions and drain sites on Mark’s head have mostly healed. He’s been worrying it for weeks. “Mark, LET IT GO…LET IT GO….” I tried singing, as gentle reminders and pleas have had no effect on him. “Stop singing that,” he said. Okay. The spot on his forehead that had opened up prior to surgery was red and scabbed again last week, after having healed nicely for a few days. “What happened?” I asked. “I tried to pop it, because one of the doctors said it was a pimple and that’s what I should do.” Yoi.

Mark has repeatedly fussed at the neck incision. “Am I waiting for this to open up, or close up?” Mark asked me one morning. I try to get inside his mind to figure out this train of thought. “It’s scar tissue you are feeling,” I said. “Something’s in there and it’s supposed to come out,” he countered. “No, nothing’s in there that needs to come out,” I tried to explain. I told him, again, that his thigh muscle was used to repair his head, and that they connected it to veins in his neck. “MY THIGH IS IN MY NECK?” he said, alarmed. “Um, yes?” I said. “I wish you hadn’t told me that!” he exclaimed. “I didn’t think you didn’t know?” I said, thinking, YOU’VE BEEN TOLD THIS 40 TIMES. Oh well. Michael reported that he was picking at his neck again today. “Dad said picking at it will help it heal,” Michael said, with a half bewildered, have bemused expression.

On Monday, I had a caregiver for Mark and was determined to do my darndest to take care of me. I wanted to go to a beach, and the closest one is a state park about 50 minutes away. I donned my suit, took a book and some water, listened to affirming music on the drive, and spent a lovely hour and a half reading and people-watching. After I got home and said goodbye to the caregiver, I sat down on Mark’s right side. And immediately saw a bloody gouge at his right temple, where the skin graft was placed. “Mark, what happened?!” I was afraid he’d picked off the skin graft, the wound was so horrendous. I searched the trash cans. Bloody tissues, scabs, hair — no skin graft. I called the nurse. Mark started talking gibberish into the air. “Mark, are you okay!?” He looked at my blankly and kept saying random words. The nurse came over. The graft was still there, it was likely infected, she called the surgeon.

Mark’s head is now wrapped like he’s a wounded soldier from the Civil War. He’s on another antibiotic. I clean and rewrap his head twice a day. The word salad moment — I don’t know what that was. A seizure? It passed. I can’t do anything other than let it go.

I lay on the couch for most of Tuesday and Wednesday in a post-Mark-bad-behavior stupor. I rewatched the Nest feed from Monday. I was gone from 1-5 pm, and Mark started his head destruction project within the first hour. He was reading while he absent-mindedly picked. Sometimes he was lying down, so his slight hand movements were not visible to the caregiver sitting at the dining room table. A few times the boys walked through and talked to Mark, from his right side. The Nest feed showed Mark tossing pieces of his head over the railing behind the couch. He picks at his healing scalp wounds often (incisions and drain sites). This is the first time he’s really done significant damage, other than the occasional picking off a scab before it’s ready. The caregiver and boys didn’t noticed that he was making substantial destructive progress. I don’t blame them, although I do wish they’d have noticed. It is what it is. He’s hard to take care of. He does surprising things. He’s a danger to himself.

Next on the medical docket, in addition to the usual spate of post-surgery therapies and follow-up appointments, Mark’s epileptologist has decided that Mark has “intractable epilepsy,” which simply means that despite the significant drug load being used to fight his brain’s propensity for seizing, it’s doing it anyway. Two medications + breakthrough seizures = intractable epilepsy. “Every seizure is a danger, not only for falls and damage to your brain, but they can even stop your heart,” she said helpfully during Mark’s recent telemedicine appointment. “I’d like to bring Mark in for a three to seven day inpatient stay. We’ll reduce his medications while he’s under strict supervision, and then track his brain as it seizes. Then our epilepsy team will review the data and make recommendations. We’ll take it one step at a time. There could be functional MRIs and PET scans. There’s a chance we may want to do a surgery to remove the part of the brain that is causing the seizures. It’s not dangerous, because that part of the brain isn’t working, anyway.”

I quickly captured and stored her statements, locking them away in one of my many brain compartments. The only thing I kept out was that I know I am waiting for a phone call to plan the inpatient stay.

One thing at a time.

Kid Management

“How did it go,” I asked Matthew over the weekend, after he had watched his dad for an hour so I could run errands. “Pretty good, except he was kinda rude,” he said evenly. “Rude! What happened?” I asked. “He wanted to go outside to cut kindling, and when I tried to help him he kept telling me I was doing it wrong. He told me I was doing a terrible job and was no help. When I did something he thought was right, and he said, ‘Well you’ve finally been SOME help.” I know what this activity was about. Mark’s been perseverating over the dried flower arrangements over the past year. Occasionally he takes one, carefully wraps it in newspaper, and puts it in a big blue Ikea bag that sits on our living room floor for this purpose. He calls this kindling. Why he wanted to chop it up smaller is beyond me.

I took a long look at Matthew, a golden child who is unfailingly kind, courteous, and thoughtful. No emotion, no expression. Learned from the best. “It’s not personal. Don’t take it personally,” I said. “I’m not,” he said.

I asked Mark about what happened. “He wouldn’t listen! He didn’t do anything I asked! He didn’t do anything right!” Mark complained. “Well, perhaps because this was a new task, he didn’t understand what to do. Next time, he can do better,” I tried. “That’s not it,” Mark said. “He wasn’t being obedient. None of the boys are being obedient!” This was new, Mark using the word “obedient.” Mark, as a person, has never been what I’d call “obedient.” He’s more of a strict individualist who believes everyone has the right to be whatever they want, within the boundaries of kindness and common courtesy. This was not Old Mark talking, this was New Mark. The black-and-white thinking is brain injury talking. I tread very carefully, trying to understand and navigate Mark’s logic and emotions while achieving an outcome that would ultimately be helpful to the boys. “As kids get older, I think it’s natural for them to become less obedient. As they stretch their wings, it means they have to do their own thinking and deciding what’s right.” I was making things up and seeing if I got anywhere. “I don’t like it,” he said.

I know the boys have learned not to trust Mark’s words, not to put too much meaning on them, not to follow his direction, not to listen to any fatherly wisdom he tries to impart. Matthew, after his first week of being a summer camp counselor, was telling Michael, Mark and me about a particularly nebby 1st grader who’d gotten into several fights. Mark held up a fist and said, “Give the kid a racetrack.” The boys and I cracked up at Mark’s completely sincere and terrible advice. Sometimes the safety valve of laughter is all we have when the great loss of Old Mark being subsumed by New Mark is so vividly clear.

“How are you experiencing your dad now, compared to what he was like before all this?” I had asked Michael a few days earlier. “He’s really different,” Michael said. “Sometimes I get glimpses of what he was like, but mostly he seems like a grumpy old man.” We talked about how strange it is that we can lose track of what someone was like before, when things change so much. “I remember that your dad used to walk around the house singing all the time,” I said “Yeah, I remember that too,” Michael said. “I used to find it kind of annoying,” I said. Michael laughed. “Now, I miss it.”

Mark’s Mood Management

Needing to have Mark not cause caregivers to bolt and the children to be traumatized any more than they must be, I decided to try giving Mark CBD. The early-dementia caregiver community feels it can be beneficial as a mood-stabilizer. When my organically-grown, Pennsylvania-local CBD products arrived in jelly and tincture forms, I followed the directions and let a jelly dissolve in my mouth. It tasted subtly of earth and hemp rolled in sugar; not great, not bad. I gave Mark daily sublingual tincture each day for a week. His moods seemed to fluctuate independent of this little CBD experiment. I’m not giving up on it; perhaps it does a little something, so I still give it to Mark on caregiver days. And it was a worthy experiment if for nothing other than this: Mark’s oldest kid, Michael, who is the most risk-averse guy I have ever known, stumbled upon the jellies and, thinking they were candy, ate one. “What are these candies? They taste a little strange,” he asked. I snorted, delighted. “You just had your first CBD!” Michael, whose actual plan is to never have a single drink of alcohol in his entire life, looked alarmed. And later reported no effect on him, either.

Public Sphere Management

Mark is not unaware that his head looks a little squished. He’s not one to talk about it, but I know he sees it, feels it, and thinks about it. He does not always understand it. Sometimes he thinks he’s waiting for plastic surgery to fix it up. He’s not — the doctors and I are in agreement that nothing other than functional surgeries make sense in Mark’s situation. When I take Mark to the hospital for appointments, people stare. A lot of people stare. This started back when he looked like the guy-you-don’t-want-to-be during his radiation and chemo. He aged about 30 years in the course of three months, and by the time he was finishing the treatment, he looked more dead than alive. I watched people sneak glances as he slowly pulled his IV pole across the waiting room, as he was wheeled from chemo to examination rooms. It was a curious thing. I’d never been in a situation where I had to navigate staring, even if the object of the staring was by association. The farther away from chemo and radiation Mark got, the healthier he looked. And then the sawing away at his head began, and now no one could look at him and think he’s a normal dude.

“What’s it like to be in the neurosurgery waiting room?” Kim once asked. Every person there, patient and caregiver, is in a bad way, and probably 100% of the people in that waiting room are some combination of terrified, hopeful, and hopeless. “Mark’s the one everyone stares at,” I said. Which is true. The guy no one wants to be. The person they norm themselves against, sitting their with their brain tumors and aneurysms and stroke histories, looking at his mashed up skull probably thinking, well crap, I hope that’s not ever me. Or, at least I’m not that guy.

On the way home from the hospital last week, we did our usual aim-for-the-highest-calories-possible trip through the Chick-Fil-A drive-through. In an impressive pandemic pivot, the entire way this drive-through works is optimized for efficiency. A bevy of black-and-red clad teenagers with iPads come to the passenger-side car windows, walk alongside as they urge you to keep inching forward, take your order and process your credit card. A young woman came to Mark’s window. Normally, I yell our order and hand my credit card across Mark, who sits silently. This time, I tried engaging him. “Can I take your order?” she said. “Mark, do you want to tell her your order?” I said loudly. She looked at me, looked at Mark, and her face softened and changed. She got a little friendlier, and she talked a little slower. Mark left a few things out that I knew he wanted. “Do you want lettuce and tomato on your sandwich, too?” I prompted. “I’ll have lettuce and tomato,” he told her. “Do you want to make that into a meal?” she said. “No,” he said. “Yes,” I corrected. “Do you want to give her your credit card?” I asked Mark. He gave her his credit card.

I realized quickly, during the little colorful overalls stage I’ve been in, that the bolder I go, the less Mark gets stared at. We also get showered with positive interactions from strangers, and who doesn’t want that? When you’re in the medical dumps like we are, you’d be surprised by how nice it is to have the valet, the Pitt university student, the stranger on the escalor, the barista, the cafeteria worker, shout out a “love those overalls!” and “you’re working it out!” and “where did you get those?!” Our lives are pretty cleanly stripped of fun, and so a trip to the hospital needs to be maximized. Pulling into valet, I get Mark into a wheelchair,and we parade through like The Odd Couple, me in clothes screaming loudly that life is joyous and good, and Mark riding silently along with a look that reminds everyone that life is difficult and we are right live it on the edge, all the time.

Freedom Management

Mark’s in a wheelchair 100% of the time at home. Well, 98% of the time. Occasionally he forgets and gets up to walk. We now own four Nest cameras. There’s the one outside the front door that famously captured Mark returning to the house after escaping from his skilled nursing facility 18 months ago. There’s one in our bedroom, so Mark can lie down without being constantly shadowed by me. There’s one in the kitchen, so when Mark wheels himself in there I can make sure he’s not up to no good. And there’s one in the living room, where Mark spends the majority of his days, sitting or lying on the couch, doing pretty much nothing.

Two weeks ago, with a caregiver onboard for four hours, I took a long hike and then went to the Little Eagle, bought a sandwich, and sat down to do some work. On a whim, I decided to check the Nest feed on my cellphone. I saw Mark’s wheelchair in the living room, but no Mark. I called the caregiver. “Where’s Mark?” I asked. Oh, he must be in the bathroom, she said. “He’s not supposed to be walking, at all, without someone right next to him,” I said. While he can walk, he cannot walk safely. He cannot control his knee yet, leaving him at a high risk for falling, which is why his choices are the wheelchair or supervised with the walker.”He’s been wheeling himself in and out of the bathroom over and over again today,” she said. “He must have just gotten up… Mark? Mark?” I listened to her go throughout the house, her voice inching up in volume and stress. “I don’t know where he could have gotten to!” she cried, alarmed. “There’s only so many places,” I said. “Oh! Oh!” she exclaimed. “He’s out in the street!” I said I was coming home immediately and hung up the phone. The Little Eagle is less than two miles down the road, and when I pulled onto the street, there was Mark walking along, with Michael and the puppy on one side and the caregiver on the other. Mark was yelling at the caregiver,”It’s not about you!” as she fretted alongside him. When we got back to the house, Mark laid down on the couch. “Oh Diane,” the caregiver cried, “this has never happened to me before! I’ve never lost someone!” It’s okay, I told her over and over, Mark’s really hard to watch. “You can fire me if you want,” she said. I gave her a hug instead.

“Do you ever get bored?” I ask Mark. “Yes,” he says. “Do you mind being bored?” No, he says. The speech therapist tries to help Mark think of things he can do while he’s sitting.”The body just hits the point where it wants to bolt,” the speech therapist said a few days later, reflecting on Mark’s sudden decision to GET OUT OF THE HOUSE NOW and trying to figure out how to keep him occupied. “How about playing cards with the boys? Would you play games on an iPad? Maybe sudoku?” Mark says maybe to some, no to others, and overall it doesn’t matter. The part of Mark’s brain that is damaged is the part that controls initiative, impulse, spontaneity, and perseveration. Mark doesn’t take initiative much anymore. Conversationally or behaviorally. The problem, if the speech therapist’s theory is correct, is that some part of him will periodically snap into MUST DO SOMETHING NOW mode, which is a dangerous place for Mark’s mind and body to go to. I try to combat this by designing things to look forward to and do everyday. Each morning, I make Mark breakfast, prepare his pills, and sit with him as we write up the day’s events on a whiteboard. Mark puts the date, which he reads off a daily calendar I keep on the table. There’s places for him to check off that he’s taken his pills throughout the day, done his sinus rinses (which he almost never does), completed his exercises. I write down what time we will eat our meals, and in between those benchmarks, I add his OT, speech, PT, telemedicine, and hospital appointments. If that doesn’t seem like enough activity, and if he has capacity for more, I’ll help him plan something. On Sunday, we drove to the lake and watched people fish, and later on we watched one episode of “Lost.” Today, we went to Aldi. He pushed his walker around slowly while I rushed to get everything we needed. That’s enough for him for a day, and then he’s back to the couch.

I posted watch-out-for-my-husband alert on the community moms’ Facebook page. “He’s the guy who doesn’t look like he should be walking alone,” I said. One of my neighbors responded that since she lives up the hill, she didn’t think he’d make it up there. “Well if he does, turn him around and head him back down,” I said.

Wine Management

Old Mark drank a couple beers for pleasure. New Mark drinks white wine. He can’t reliably judge a number of important factors around this activity. Time, for example. “Hey Mark,” I’ll say, looking over at him sitting on the couch sipping, a glass of wine at 9:00am, “Do you know what time it is?” Or, “Hey Mark, that’s kind of a big pour,” when he’s filled an entire water glass with wine. I’ve developed several key strategies for trying to keep him safe as well as happy. I bought wine glasses with demarcations of 4oz, 6oz, and 8oz. That helps, sometimes. When I buy a box of wine, which is what Mark always requests, I take out the bag, decant half, and then hold the valve open under the faucet and fill it back up with water. I decant the wine into empty wine bottles and then top them off with water. Luckily, Mark’s senses of sight and taste are such that he hasn’t noticed.

Finance Management

The system is working against us. I think it works against almost all of us. Not in equal ways — in wildly different ways dependent on demographics — but looking at our particular situation, I am confronted by this: we work our whole lives to get by, get through, earn the money we need to take care of ourselves and our loved ones. And then in the end, the system works as hard as it can to take it all back. Mark and I are privileged within American systems, and Mark has never taken one financially irresponsible action in his entire life. And so the fact that I am feeling the pressure and fear of “can we make it” financially tells me alot about how screwed most Americans are at surviving life and, ironically, end-of-life care.

Mark has a pension, an unbelievable good fortune and a relic of a time gone by. He also has good health insurance, and without that, I am 100% confident that Mark would be dead. I’ve never added up the cost of Mark’s medical care, but I did recently get an explanation of benefits for his surgery in August 2020 (and there’s been two additional just as gigantic surgeries, if not more so, in 2021), and the surgery and inpatient costs exceeded $200,000. Now that Mark has retired and I am taking a sabbatical, our income is cut in half. I am NOT COMPLAINING; we were solidly middle class before, and we are simply less solidly middle class now. Our bills are higher, because while Mark has good healthcare, it’s not free of course. Premiums and deductibles and copays and prescriptions. Some of Mark’s medical equipment is paid for, and then there’s lots of little odds and ends that aren’t. Want to come try out the new neuromuscular electric stim unit I bought to help exercise Mark’s quad? I have that. Need an extra cervical neck brace? I have a spare.

Also, I need caregiving breaks. On one of the early Alzheimer’s forums, someone recently posted the question: What do people not understand about caregiving that you wish they would? I commented, “The when someone tells you they have to care for their loved one 24/7, they mean that literally.” I currently have 12 hours of caregivers watching Mark each week. That leaves 156 hours each week for the boys and I to watch Mark, because he has to be watched 24/7 and the average cost of caregiving in our market is $25/hr.

Having been on disability for two years, Mark will go on Medicare soon. That will cost more, as I maintain insurance for myself and the boys, and we pay the Medicare premiums. And Mark will need supplemental insurance to cover coverage gaps for his medical needs.

In trying to make sure I’m making optimal financial decisions, I’ve met with two elder law attorneys and a social worker. Mark has a 401K and I was wondering whether cashing out early would be at all worth considering. The answer is no. He’d take a 40-50% tax hit on the money. And once that money is all spent, Mark can never qualify for Medicaid anyway. In the state of Pennsylvania, your assets cannot exceed — and I am not joking — about $8000 for you to qualify. That means spending down your complete retirement. Additionally, your income cannot exceed $2400 monthly, and between Mark’s social security and pension, it does. This is relevant because it eliminates skilled nursing from our options, because without Medicaid to cover it, it would cost out-of-pocket $10-12K a month, which is an impossibility. Assisted living, at $7-9K a month, would only be possible if I cashed out Mark’s 401K at that massive tax hit. “Am I getting this right?” I asked the social worker. “Yes,” he said, lowering his voice. “It’s a terrible system. I think there will be a lot more assisted suicide in the future.”

Diane Mood Management

“It didn’t really phase me to hear that Mark has C. diff,” I said to Hilary. “It could have been a rabbit-hole situation of trying to figure out why he has chronic diarrhea. At least it was figured out quickly.” “Too blessed to be depressed!” Hilary laughed back. For sure. That silver-lining thing is really often there. Sometimes it’s lurking and harder to find, but it’s almost always there.

And yet. Climbing out of the mental hole I descended into with this last surgery of Mark’s is serious work. It’s taking effort and intentionality, and I’m doing better some days than others. Some days, I can see the joy in the little things again. The black and turquoise damselflies darting in front of me on the hiking path. The black raspberries ripening. The days Mark goes to sleep at 5:30pm, leaving me with an entire night to myself. The friends and family that have gone out of their way to visit. I can sometimes find the humor in things, like yesterday’s UPS delivery of the “Wound Welcome Kit” from the home healthcare company. Maybe at birth we should all get Wound Welcome Kits, I thought. There’s a temporal joy I can periodically feel come across me, like the gentlest of breezes on your skin. For fleeting moments, some days, I think, this is not a bad life.

Then there are the other days. The days that Mark is more out of it and I don’t know why. The days when hearing someone talk about going to a movie, or taking a vacation, or having a cookout with friends, feels like a crushingly sad mirror held up to my life. I try to remember to breathe. I try to get lost in watching the birds at the feeder, or Downton Abbey on Netflix.

I was talking to friends the other day about our kids. The world is complicated; can our kids be hopeful? “Well,” I said, “I want them to be hopeful if being hopeful is appropriate.” This is a good summary of why my life is very confusing and difficult right now. Mark’s head gouging event was very disturbing and alarming. I could not believe the damage he did to himself. This felt different than him deciding, unwisely, to take a walk. What am I hoping for? Is it appropriate to hope for anything?

I have found myself trying to find a settling-in place to orient to Mark. The friend, girlfriend, wife, caregiver, nurse. With the chaos of his illness, perhaps what I have to do is NOT find a settling-in place, but maintain fluid movement through the continuum. Perhaps I have to let go a tiny bit more of that sense of control that most of us have, that allows us to get to the next day, and the next, and the next, without utter terror of our mortality.

I continue to try to figure out the best way to help Mark. Mark the person, not Mark the patient. A few stories I’ve heard from friends and family recently rattle around in my mind. The 80 year old uncle who despite his multiple strokes, inability to walk, and constant diet of whiskey and cigarettes, still lives independently. The story about the 92 year old grandma who insists on living in her house, despite the occasional fall down the steps. Are there better ways for people like this to live? Are there safer ways? Well of course. But that’s not how these people are choosing to live. It’s their choice, and they choose this. Mark’s choice is to try to live while often working against it. Does it matter that his brain-choices are not always in cahoots with his lets-keep-living plan? I have thought that it has mattered. That I need to stick with the rational side of Mark’s brain. Now, I’m not so sure. Maybe my job is more safety net and less savior. Maybe it’s to say, okay, I’ll help you do that; I’ll not encourage that; I’ll clean up after that mistake. Maybe I have to have the strong shoulders and accept his risk that I’d not choose. Maybe that means the boys will have many more difficult experiences that they have to process, like Matthew hearing his dad be uncharacteristically cruel to him. Maybe that means one of us will find Mark, again, fallen and in need of rescue.

We work so very hard in our lives to control what we can. I had thought I’d made some good strides in letting much of that go. Maybe there’s more work to be done.

Yesterday we finally had some rain. Mark agreed to lay in bed with me. He curled up next to me. I felt overwhelmed and quiet tears came quickly. He patted my head, stroked my shoulder. Finally, he said quietly, “Are you sad because of the storm?” I’m okay, I said. It’s okay. I held his hand, and we fell asleep.

Turning the Corner

Look who wanted to go out to dinner today. Yes, he chose going to the local grocery store a mile down the road, our little Giant Eagle. And he decided it was dinner time at 2:30 pm. When we came home, he took a nap. He just woke up and looked at the cable box. “4:56?!” he said. “What time did you think it would be?” I asked. “2:00 pm,” he said. So logic is not always prevailing. But Mark, my Mark, is a little bit more here than he was yesterday, and a little bit more here than the day before that.

For weeks, I’ve felt like I’m sliding across ice, looking for anything to grab hold of.

I think I found it.


In between appointments, we rest. Sometimes, instead of eating dinner, we rest. Often, instead of washing the dishes or folding the laundry, we rest. In the last 10 months, Mark has had four surgeries that were all cranio-somethings and included ear to ear incisions. He’s had his skull base reconstructed. He’s had part of his skull removed. He’s had a thigh muscle transplanted from spot A to spot B. He’s had to recover over and over again. Regain strength. Sustain a will to do so.

This afternoon, we watched the next episode of “Lost.” Jack, the main character whose hero status hides a deep cavern of insecurity, trips and ends up plummeting over a cliff. At the last second, he grabs a root and dangles over the edge. “I don’t think he falls,” Mark turned to me to say. “I think he finds the strength within himself to pull himself back up.” The scene played on. John Locke is suddenly there, lying on his stomach, reaching to grab Jack’s hand. Together, Jack scrambling and clawing, and John straining and pulling, Jack makes it back to the top.

Sometimes struggle is loud. Sometimes, it is very, very quiet.

This week was better. In between the struggling, we rested.

Unanswered Questions

It has not been a good week. The transition of Mark from the hospital to home has been rough. How we find the energy to get through each day is unclear. How we get logistically get through each day is unclear. Like gadgets running on a tangled mess of power cords, my reality and Mark’s and the kids’ has been unplugged and replugged in so many times that it’s impossible to sort out how it’s all working at the moment. I’d say it’s working, but not that well.

Yesterday, Mark had a follow-up appointment with the ENT plastics surgeon who did the bulk of this surgery. The doctor came into the examination room and sat down in the chair right next to me. “How are things going?” he asked. I didn’t expect that moment of humanity. Like the raw nerve that I am, I felt immediately stripped to the bone,. I fought back tears. “It’s hard,” I said. “Mark’s doing really well from a surgical point of view,” he said. I knew that. It’s the answer, and not the answer. At all. The medical part explains everything, and it explains nothing.

The Early-Onset Alzheimers (EOA) Support Group on Facebook, and the raucous EOA Zoom Support Group out of NYC, remain the main places where I can connect my reality to anyone else’s. Traumatic brain injury support groups might be more relevant, my brother Dale, a physical therapist, told me. And of course, Mark’s recent rehab stay was exactly there: the traumatic brain injury unit. But it’s the EOA caregivers who are loudly present online, daily, saying HELP ME I AM DYING HERE. The response from the crowd is quick: I hear you. Everything you are doing is your best. This is the worst. You are not alone. We all feel alone. To my recent query — “When your LO is being a jerk to the caregiver, is it worth it to talk to them about it?” — the yes’s and no’s and do-whatever-feels-best balanced each other out. Along with the suggestions for trying CBD products, which I invested some money in this morning.

Because listen, I am trying so, so hard not to lose my mind. Many times a day, I revisit my daily happiness plan. It’s always modest. Bathe. Keep trying to read a book. Get the kids to watch Mark for 30 minutes and water the garden. Yesterday, the happiness plan included my first hike since Mark got home. A new and very competent caregiver arrived to the house. I oriented her to a few things I’d left out in the interview. Which hospital to send him to if she needed to call an ambulance. “If he codes, what are your wishes?” she asked, glancing at the refrigerator in a look I recognized as searching for the DNR. I left. I hiked into the park like my life depended on it. I stopped and ate my protein snack. I pushed on. I stopped by the creek, peeled off my boots and socks, and watched a heron descend awkwardly into a sycamore while I splashed my toes in the water. I took photos of some cool fungi and listened to music. I stayed in the park for two hours, long past my level of energy and the amount of drinking water I had brought.

I came home to the new caregiver reporting that Mark had just been “nasty” to her and to the visiting occupational therapist. I listened. I problem-solved. I apologized. I tried to let my recently freed toes carry enough weight in my tiny world to counterbalance Mark’s twisting moods. I went on Amazon and bought myself a new mushroom identification guide. I took their recommendation and bought another book called “Life’s Edge: The Search for What it Means to Be Alive.”

Mark wants independence. He wants nearly no communication, and he’s giving nearly none as well. I follow him room to room, silently, as he wheels about. I try to figure out what he wants and needs. Today, he did not want help when he slipped and fell back, trying to get out of the bathtub he insisted on using rather than the safer shower chair option I had set up for him. He did not want me to remind him, as he bathed, to wash his chest which has a line of dried blood down it from when he scratched open his neck incision a couple days ago. “Yeah yeah,” Mark says in quick cadence, like swatting a fly when I say, “Try not to touch that,” as he picks at his drain incisions, his temple graft, his neck incision.

We’ve been recently re-watching the TV show “Lost,” which Mark loves. The fiercely independent, loner, lonely character, John Locke, fights any attempt to restrict or define him. “Don’t tell me what I can’t do!” he insists, he yells, when anyone tries to limit him. Over the years, Mark has repeated that line many times, with humor. Now, I hear it in his fight for independence everyday.

Mark never washed his chest. The dried blood will be there for another week.

The worst time this week: Night 3. Mark woke up at 11:30pm, got into his wheelchair, wheeled into the kitchen and turned on the coffee maker. “It’s the middle of the night,” I said, following behind him. He ignored me and drank a cup of coffee. He wheeled himself to the couch and laid down and went to sleep. I laid down on the loveseat. I woke up a while later to Mark getting off the couch and trying to walk to the recliner. I jumped up to spot him. “YOU’RE NOT HELPING!” he yelled. When he was safely in the recliner, I went back to sleep on the loveseat. I woke a while later to the the crash of him falling, having impulsively decided to walk back to the couch.

I forge ahead with making the tiniest happiness plans that I can every day. Mark was okay with today’s plan to get sandwiches for lunch and sit in the car by Canonsburg Lake. We sat eating silently, watching people fish and kayak. We watched the herons living their solitary lives. We watched gaggles of geese, family units combined on land and then separated out on water. Moms and dads with their goslings in loose groups in between.

When we came home, I held on as tightly as Mark would tolerate as we walked slowly into the house. I reminded him gently to take each step up with his bad leg first, as the physical therapist has taught him. As he does not do, often, and falls crashing onto his left knee in pain.

I recently read on the EOA group a meme-of-a-post, something about the succession of roles we take in relationships over time. “Friend, Girl/Boyfriend, Spouse, Caregiver, Nurse.” When unsure of your role, when you have to caregive your loved one, the meme goes, always go back to the earliest place you can access in that list. I’ve thought about that a lot this week. Because “caregiver” and “nurse,” well those are obviously where I am. Can I back up to wife? Girlfriend? How can I be a friend to Mark? Could reorienting within these roles better help him? Or me?

A decade or two ago, I was wading through attic boxes and came across some of my old elementary school assignments that my parents had held onto. There was a journal in which every few days, I had to diary about things I had done. I wrote about going piano lessons, to a friend’s house, to church. I was a young mom when I was reading this, and it made me laugh out loud. Omitted from my writing was any mention of how I got to any of these places, which would have been my mom ferrying me to them. As well as planning them. Reading it when I had two young kids of my own, I recognized how we can overlook and take for granted the folks who make our lives functional. As well as rich, fulfilling, and happy.

Mark does not, can not, see what I do for him. The sixteen appointments — and that is not an exaggeration — that I arranged for him last week, all related to keeping him alive and helping him get better. The one appointment I had for myself, to take a walk in the park, the benefit of which was upended by Mark’s behavior. The empathy part of his brain is shut down. Maybe it will wake back up one day. Maybe not. I can’t let that change how I interact with him, how I take care of him. But I do have to fight how bad it makes me feel, everyday.

Who am I to Mark? What role would he put me in? Friend, girlfriend, wife, caregiver, nurse. I can only hope he’ll find a way to see me as a friend, at least. It would be a start.


Both of my children are trans. They are adults, not children. They are 23 and 24. Their stories are their own, and they are unique. My heart is wrapped tightly around each of them. I remember with one of them, when they told me, and then told me again, and then desperately tried again to explain to me … finally something made sense. I was going to go there with them, or I would be sending them off into a life I would never truly know, with a wound slashed so deep that it would stretch from me to them. “I don’t know where you are going, but I’m going there with you,” I remember saying. It may have been my greatest leap of faith, ever. When you have a trans kid, or two trans kids, you have your skin peeled back and then you grow a thicker one. The old skin is the expectations that culture puts on you, your upbringing puts on you. Subconscious. Friends. Family. Religion. Workplace. Gender identities that slip past the narrow boundaries our society allows are deeply threatening to many. Surprising. Confusing. The new skin you grow is understanding. Empathy. A love with a fierceness great and wide. When your kid comes to you and says, this is me, please see me, the choice is clear. You rise or you fall. Too many parents fall. You? You see them. And you hold on tight as they carry you to places you’ve never been.

I feel this way, on the eve of bringing home a wheelchair with Mark in it. I have only one choice. It’s to go with him. He is there. I would imagine that he is just as scared as I am.

I could rise or I could fall.

Me? I am rising.

I will give it my all.

Panic and Preparation

Today. The occupational therapist trained me in wheelchair transfers from bed to chair, wheelchair to toilet, wheelchair to shower chair. Tomorrow, the physical therapist will teach me how to help Mark with steps. The patient care technician, changing Mark’s bed linens, said, “It’s exciting that he’s going home so soon.” “Well, to him,” I replied. My actually mood? This photo.

I’m deep into purchasing solutions. Makes me feel like I’m doing something. More grab bars. A shower chair with a back and arm rails. Shower wands for the two possible bathroom showers he might use. An alarmed mat to put next to his side of the bed so I can sleep without the terror of not waking up when he tries to get onto the bedside commode. A bed railing to help him get up safely. A bell he can ring if he needs something.

Someone just offered me a portable ramp, so Mark will be able to get out onto the patio and sit in the sun. Someone offered to help teach Matthew to drive, which I sadly must pass on to another adult as I can not be sure I could do it anymore.

I am many phone calls into looking for caregivers. I’ve tried to create an elevator pitch out of a story that is a long and tragic novel. It’s hard to summarize. I’ve struck out with agencies but have found a couple women who may be able to come in next week for parts of a few days. I’ve talked to the boys and told them how their dad he will look. How he can and cannot move. The new level of supervision he will need. That I will train them in how to do this when it is inevitably their turn. That today he kept asking me where his keys were. “But how will I get the car out of the [hospital] garage?” He asked over and over, no matter how I responded. Listening, answering, redirection, distraction, diversion. The options available.

I am on high, high alert. Poised for the storm. Trying to prepare. Batten down the hatches. Prepare the fallout shelter. Breathe. Breathe. Breathe.